Coconut is a staple food and is an essential agricultural product which is cultivated by 70 countries throughout the world. These tall trees need high rainfall with a hot climatic condition for their growth. They grow up to 30 meters in height and can be grown in various soil types. Indian climatic condition is appropriate for the production of nuts making it 3rd coconut producing country in the world after Philippines and Indonesia.
India is a leading country in the production of different agricultural products and coconut is one among them. India has an area of 21 Lakh hectares or more for the production of coconut. India is known for their excellent productivity with the productivity of 10,000 or more coconuts per hectare. In India coconut is cultivated by more than 15 states and union territories producing more than 13 million nuts and known for their crop exports. Below is the list of top 10 largest coconut producing states in India in 2018.
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They yield a total production of 136.61 million coconuts. They have a huge area for coconut plantation measuring 20,000 hectares. More than 25 districts in Assam are known to produce coconuts. Among them, Barpeta region dominates coconut production by producing more than 24 Million coconuts. Moreover, other dominant areas producing nuts are Nalbari, Nagaon and Golaghat.
They have developed a new non-traditional region for the purpose of coconut production and are increasing their productivity in every passing year despite of the fact that they don’t have proper climate and soil condition that favors nut production. They are known to yield 141.42 Million coconuts. They have 13,000 hectares of coconut yielding land.
They have a total production of 187.47 Million nuts. They are emerging as leading coconut producing areas by introducing non-traditional coconut producing areas. They have improved their production rate by 15% from previous years. The major areas producing nuts are Sindhudurg, Ratnagiri and Raigad which plays a major role in uplifting the production rate of the state. Maharashtra owns around 28,000 hectares land for the purpose of coconut cultivation. They have shown a drastic improvement in their coconut production over the past years.
They have an area of 31,000 hectares or more for coconut plantation. They have a total production of 295.03 Million coconuts yearly. The major coconut producing areas include Valsad, Kutch, Junagadh and Bhavnagar. The state doesn’t have ideal condition for coconut production but due to their improved techniques and use of modern technologies for agriculture made it easier for the nut production. They manage to create good yield due to the popularity of the crop despite of lacking coastal environmental conditions.
Agriculture is the primary occupation of people of Odisha and coconut is one such important crop. Coconut is grown in more than 50,000 hectares of agricultural land in Odisha. The dominant nut producing areas are Khurda, Jajpur, Cuttack, Puri and Ganjam. They have a total production of 324.93 Million nuts.
5. WEST BENGA
They yield 370.83 Million coconuts yearly. Major districts producing nuts are Murshidabad, Howrah, Midnapur and Burdwan. Their tropical savanna is real blessing for the production of coconut which is helping them to increase their yield in every passing year. Coconut industry plays a significant role in the state’s economy. Beside this, coconut is also used in many dishes of Bengal and water also consumed by people there in large number. The state manages to produce a huge amount of coconut in every passing year making it one of the top states in the production of coconuts.
4. ANDHRA PRADESH
They produce 1,800 Million or more coconuts per year. Coconut is planted in enormous number in the state and serves as the primary source of employment for many peoples. Beside coconut, they are also known for producing Coir Pith. It is the byproduct of coconut serves as a new source of income for many farmers. It is a source of cellulose and lignin materials and has a huge capacity for water storing. Moreover, its high water storing capacity marks its implication in bricks making and horticulture. East Godavari region is dominant in the production of coconut.
They contribute more than 23% of total coconut production of the country. They have more than 5 Lakh hectares cultivation land for coconut production. They are also known to export coconuts to other states of the country including Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Punjab, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra which is accounts 60% of their production. They produce 5,041.15 Million coconuts yearly.
They produce 5,900 Million coconuts per year ranking second largest coconut producing states. Kozhikode is the leading coconut producing district among the ten others by producing more than 940 Million coconuts. They have coconut industries which produce various items from it including oil manufacturing, basket making, doormat preparing and other providing ample of job openings. They contribute 27% of country’s total coconut production. Coconut serves as a food, sauce, oil and drink etc for the peoples of Kerala. The dominant nut producing areas are Thrissur, Kannur, Malappuram and Kozhikode.
1. TAMIL NADU
They are the largest coconut producing state in India contributing more than 31% of total coconut production of the country. More than 25 districts cultivate nuts and Coimbatore is the dominant of them yielding more than 1,200 Million coconuts. On an average the state is known to yield 14,000 nuts per hectare of land. The Krishnagiri district is famous for the soil texture which offers best productivity of up to 18,000 coconuts per hectare.
Besides having economical importance in increasing economic productivity they have multiple other uses. They are known for increasing the fertility of the soil, their dry portion is used for making various handmade items, largely used in the making of food items, some medicines, oils etc. They have an enormous reserve of vitamins and nutrients and coconut water is known as energy giver. All these multifarious potentials make this nut bright that can’t be restrained by geological boundaries.