Cotton is a very important crop that has its application for clothing and various other sectors. India is known to rank second in the entire world when it comes to producing cotton. The gross production of the cotton bales has crossed around 400 lakh. Cotton is produced in the country in around twelve states. There has been a self-sufficiency when it comes to fabrication and clothing in India because cotton is produced in excess in this country.
India has an extremely suitable climate that helps in the cotton production. It can be expected that within a few years, India will become the largest producer in the country. Given below is a list of the top ten largest cotton producing states in India in 2019.
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10. Tamil Nadu (5 Lakh Bales)
Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of cotton in the country. The state is known to produce around five lakh bales. Around six percent of the total cotton is produced in this state. The cotton plants are grown in an area of 70,000 hectares. This state has the highest yield of cotton. It is almost 1214 kilograms/ hectare. The major districts in which cotton is produced in Tamil Nadu include Vellalur, Coimbatore, Ramanathapuram, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Salem, etc. The tenth largest producer of cotton in the country is Tamil Nadu.
9. Punjab (14 Lakh Bales)
Punjab is known for producing around fourteen lakh bales of cotton. The major states in which cotton is grown in Punjab include Bhatinda, Sangrur, Ludhiana, Faridkot, Moga, Mansa, etc. The state has witnessed a steady growth in the production of cotton. Modern techniques of cultivation have been adopted by the cultivators. The cultivators have been given a lot of support by the Government for the proper production of cotton. The ninth largest producer of cotton in the country is Punjab.
8. Rajasthan (17 Lakh Bales)
Rajasthan produces around seventeen lakh bales every year, which makes the state the eighth largest in the entire country of India when it comes to producing cotton. Around four percent of the entire production of cotton is in Rajasthan. The area that is under the plantation of the cotton plants is around four lakh hectares. The most important producers of cotton in the state are Bhilwara, Ganganagar, Ajmer, Hanumangarh, and Jhalwar.
7. Madhya Pradesh (18 Lakh Bales)
Another leading producer of cotton in the country is Madhya Pradesh. The annual production is around eighteen bales. The area that remains under the cotton plantation is around five lakh hectares. The districts in which cotton is being actively grown in the state of Madhya Pradesh include Ratlam, Nimar, Bhopal, Shajapur, and Dewas. These regions have a huge production of cotton. Madhya Pradesh ranks seventh when it comes to the leading cotton producers in India.
6. Haryana (25 Lakh Bales)
Haryana has an annual production of around twenty-five lakh bales of cotton. The state yields around 665 kilograms of cotton for each hectare. The state accounts for around six percent of the entire cotton production in this country. The area that remains under the cotton plantation is almost six lakh hectares of the total land area. This is more than five percent of the entire plantation of cotton in the country.
5. Andhra Pradesh (27 Lakh Bales)
Andhra Pradesh used to be in the third position but currently, it is the fifth largest producer of cotton in the country. The main regions in which cotton is grown in the state of Andhra Pradesh include Kurnool, Guntur, Prakasam, and Anantpur. The government has been providing a lot of support to all the cultivators so that they can make use of the modern cultivation techniques. These techniques will allow them to yield more cotton within a limited time period.
4. Karnataka (28 Lakh Bales)
According to the records, Karnataka is known to produce around seven percent of the cotton in the entire country. Cotton is cultivated mostly in the valley of the plateau of North Karnataka. The climate and soil are perfect for the growth of cotton in this place. The area that lies under the cotton plantation is around seven lakh hectares. The districts in which cotton is cultivated mostly are Dharwad, Gulbarga, Bellary, and Belgaum. Currently, Karnataka is the fourth largest producer of cotton in India.
3. Telangana (50 Lakh Bales)
Earlier, Andhra Pradesh ranked the third in the country as the major producer of cotton. Now, Telangana has occupied this position as the state is known to produce fifty lakh bales annually. The area that remains under the cotton plantation is sixteen hectares. The soil and weather of this state are perfect for the cultivation of cotton. Though Telangana is a state that has been formed only recently, it has bagged to manage the position of the third largest producer of cotton.
2. Maharashtra (85 Lakh Bales)
The area that remains under the cotton plantation in Maharashtra is the largest in the country and it is spread over an area of forty-one lakh hectares. The quality of the cotton that is produced here is of extremely fine quality. The yield of cotton every year is around 345 kilograms for each hectare. The major regions of cotton in the state are Yavatmal, Vidarbha, Khandesh, Marathwada, Akola, Wardha, and Amravati. Maharashtra is the second largest producer of cotton currently in the country.
1. Gujarat (125 Lakh Bales)
Gujarat is the largest producer of cotton in India and it has a production of around one hundred and twenty-five lakh bales of cotton annually. The state is famous for yielding around thirty-one percent of the total production in India. Gujarat is famous for the black soil and the rainfall that it receives every year. This makes it very good for the production of cotton. The major places where cotton is produced in Gujarat are Vadodara, Panchmahal, Bharuch, Mehsana, Surendranagar, and Ahmedabad. Gujarat is also a great centre of the textiles in India.
India weaves their own clothes and they are self-sufficient as they produce a huge quantity of cotton every year. The cotton is also exported to various other countries as well.