Dried fruits are those fruits from which the water content is removed through natural processes or the fruits are dried under the Sun. Many times dehydrators or dryers are also used. Dried fruits are preferred by a large section of people who are health conscious. Dried fruits have an amazing taste, high nutritive value and they are also known for their very long shelf life. The consumption of dried fruit has become widespread now. The types of dried fruits that are sold in the market include raisins, prunes, dates, figs, pears, apples, cashew nuts, and apricots.
Nowadays even the fruits like blueberries, cranberries, mango, cherries, and strawberries are also dried up and sold as dry fruits. The dried fruits are known to retain the maximum of the nutrition that was contained within the fresh fruits. The nutrient content that is found in these fruits reflects the nutrient value that their fresh counterpart had. When people consume dried fruits, their health conditions automatically start improving as these contain a lot of minerals, phytonutrients, fibre and vitamins. The dried fruits are produced in various states of India. Given below is a list of the top 10 largest dry fruit producing states in India in 2019.
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10. West Bengal
The total area that is available in West Bengal for the production of cashew nuts is around eleven hectares. The production is around twelve tonnes every year. The annual yield is that of one-thousand and ninety-one kilograms per hectare. West Bengal is one of the major producers of cashew nut in the country.
9. Himachal Pradesh
After Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh is also known for the perfect climatic conditions that are required for the growth of the almond nuts. Around forty percent of the almond is grown in Himachal Pradesh. These almonds are exported to different countries once they are processed. Almond is one of the famous energy providers that is cultivated in this area. Almond is known for the various health benefits that it has. When almond is grown in the perfect climate, the nutritional value of the nut remains intact, which is even better for consumption. Himachal Pradesh is the second largest producers of Almonds in the country.
8. Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir are known to produce the maximum amount of almonds in the country. This is because of the beautiful weather and the suitable temperature conditions that are perfect for the growth of almonds. Almonds are very good for health as they provide relief from various diseases like diabetes, constipation, respiratory disorders, impotency, and anemia. Almonds are also an extremely great solution for skin, dental care, and hair. The almond production in Jammu and Kashmir has fallen over the years, but it still has managed to hold the position of the largest producer of almond in the country.
Odisha is the third largest producer of cashew nuts in the country. The total area that is available for the production of this incredible dry fruit is around one-hundred and sixty-four hectares. The total production of cashew nuts is around one-hundred and eighteen tonnes. The annual yield of cashew nuts is six-hundred and sixteen kilograms per hectare. Cashew nuts help in keeping the blood pressure normal, helps in the growth of the hair, and helps in keeping the bones healthy.
6. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh comes second when it comes to producing cashew nuts. This state is the second largest producer of cashew nuts in India. The total area that is available for the production of the cashew nuts is spread over an area of one-hundred and eighty-four hectares. Around one-hundred and eighteen tonnes of cashew nuts are produced. The total yield every year is six-hundred and forty-one kilograms for each hectare. Cashew nuts help in preventing cancer and are also responsible for the healthy hearts of the person who are consuming this exceptionally amazing dry fruit.
Raisins are generally produced in those states that are known to produce grapes. The grapes are dried and the water content is removed. Sweeteners are also added to the dried grape and that is how the raisins are made. The total area that is available for the production of the grapes is around seventeen hectares. Raisins are considered to be an important kind of dry fruit because of the nutritional value that they possess.
Punjab is also very famous for the production of grapes in the country. Punjab ranks the second when it comes to the leading producers of raisins. The total area that is available for the production of the grapes are around 0.5 ha. The annual production is that of 15.5 M. Raisins are used for treating certain problems like fever, anemia, constipation or acidosis. They can be consumed either raw or they can also be used in various processes like baking, brewing, and drying.
3. Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is also a leading producer of cashew nut in the country. The total area that is available for the production of the cashew nuts is around one-hundred and thirty-six hectares. The total production is around sixty-two tonnes. The annual yield of cashew nuts from Tamil Nadu is around four-hundred and fifty-four kilograms per hectare.
Haryana is also a leading producer of raisins in the country. The total area that is available for the production of the raisins is around 0.1 ha. The annual production of raisins from this state is also around 1.9 M. Raisins are known to provide the individuals with many essential nutrients, which in turn, has various benefits for the health.
Cashew nuts are produced on a wide scale in India. Maharashtra is known to produce around half of the cashew nut in the country. Cashew nut is treated as an important dry fruit in India which is used by the Indians in a number of their dishes as well. Cashew nuts are also extremely famous for the amazing health benefits that they have. They are referred to as Andiparippu in Malayalam Geru Beeja in Kannada, and a number of other fond names are given. Cashew nuts are produced in areas that are spread over almost 184 hectares. Around 225 tonnes of cashew nuts are produced in this area and the yield is almost 1221 kilograms of Kaju per hectare.
Dried fruits are very beneficial for the health and they should be consumed in large amounts. They can be stored for a very long time, so one can purchase and keep it stored in their homes easily and consume them whenever they wish to.