Fibres are meant for the textile and apparel industries. Fibres are economically important crop having necessary application in clothing and other sectors. They may be both natural and artificial. Fibres can be naturally obtained from both plants and animals.
Fibres produced from plants are jute and cotton while fibres from animals include wool and silk. In India, though all fibres are produced cotton is the main fibre that is grown dominantly. In terms of yielding cotton is the primary fibre and mostly produced.
Cotton is the leading fibre crop of India and based on its production the states rank in the list of fibres producing states. India has suitable climate and soil texture for the production of fibres which are obtained from the plant. Fibres obtained from animals require perfect temperature conditions only which is also favoured in some parts of the country. Cotton and jute are the primary fibres that are grown throughout the country making India rank on the list of top fibre producing countries. Below is the list of top 10 largest fibre producing states in India in 2018.
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10. TAMIL NADU
They yield 6 percent of country’s total fibre production. More than 70,000 hectares of land is used here for the production of fibres and cotton is the dominant one. The major fibre producing districts here are Coimbatore, Vellalur, Madurai, Tiruchirapalli, Salem and Ramanathapuram. They rank tenth in the production of fibres in India. They produce around 6 lakh Bales of cotton every year which is the main cultivated natural fibre here.
They are known to produce natural fibre in huge amount with the dominance of cotton production. The environmental factors present here to facilitate the cotton production. They produce 10 Lakh of cotton per annum. Fine agricultural equipment, productive soil, sufficient water supply and adequate irrigation facilities make the state rank in the list of top fibre producing states of the country. Major fibre growth facilitating regions are Ludhiana, Farikot, Moga and Bhatinda. Among them, Ludhiana is famous for their high-quality textile products and has resourceful textile industries.
The warm humid climate here favours the production of fibres here. The Confederation of Indian Textile Industry is also active and focused here to improve the yielding of fibres here by introducing hi-tech agricultural equipment. Around 4 Lakh hectares of land here is used in the production of fibres like cotton. The main fibre facilitating areas are Ajmer, Ganganagar, Bhilwara, Humangargh and Jhalawar. They are also known for producing a high amount of cotton which is around 18 Lakh Bales yearly.
7. MADHYA PRADESH
The major fibre producing places here are Bhopal, Ratlam, Shajapur, Nimar and some other areas also. Over 5 Lakh hectares of land is used for the purpose of fibre production here. The produces around 5 percent of countries total cotton production making this state rank in top fibre producing states. Around 21 Lakh Bales of cotton is produced from here on a yearly basis.
They rank the sixth position on the list of top fibre producers. The main regions contributing to fibre production are Sirsa, Fatehabad and Hissar. Cotton is the main fibre produced in high quantity constituting 6 percent of countries total fibre production. Jute is also known to produce here but in minimal quantity. They are known to use top-notch fertilisers and agricultural techniques that favour the fibre production in this area.
5. ANDHRA PRADESH
They produce both types of fibres namely cotton and jute. They have a good cultivation of jute in the southern region of the state. They produce around 225 Bales of jute in yearly basis on a total land of 25 hectares meant only for the production of jute.
They use 7.5 hectares of their land for the cultivation of fibres. The climate, water supply and soil type favour production of natural fibres there. The state is known to produce 21 Lakh Bales of cotton per year contributing 7% of countries total fibre production. Major fibre producing regions are Raichur, Bellary and Dharwad. Availability of decent land type facilitates the farmer to grow the good quality of fibre.
This state was separated from Andhra Pradesh on the basis of linguistic issues but they share a same form of landform that facilitates production of fibres. They are capable of producing 50 Lakh of cotton per annum. As they are a newly formed state so the agricultural ministry is trying their best to modernise their agricultural techniques for producing a greater amount of fibres.
After Gujarat Maharashtra stands in the second position for the production of fibres. Here also the main fibre produced is cotton as the climatic conditions favour their production. They produce around 89 lakh Bales of cotton yearly. Since state area of Maharashtra is quite bigger so they have more availability of land. Around 41 lakh hectares of land is available for the cultivation of this fibre. The major area producing fibre includes Amravati, Wardha, Akola, Khandesh and Yavatmal. The state also owns a range of big textile companies which includes some popular names like Bombay Dyeing, Welspun India, Alok Industries and Wadhman textiles.
Gujarat produces cotton as the main fibre. They produce 95 lakh Bales of cotton every year contributing 30 percent of country cotton production. 30 lakh hectare of land is cultivated for the production of this fibre. They provide the fibre adequate temperature, soil form, water and fertilizer availability this making highest yield of fibres. This is the perfect place for growing fibres like cotton. Gujarat is known for their textile industries situated in top cities like Ahmadabad and Surat which distributes their product throughout the country and worldwide.
These states are known for their highest production and collection of fibres. India is subsequently gaining importance in the textile sector which will make us improve our exporting policies and we will be sufficient to weave our own clothes. For this production of fibres is essential as it is the major raw material required for clothing.