Jute is an important vegetable fibre. Jute is not very expensive to produce. The level of production of jute is not similar to the production of cotton. India is the biggest producer of Jute. The country is responsible for around sixty-one percent of the entire jute produced in the world.
Before India became independent, India held the monopoly of not only producing the jute but also exporting it to various parts across the globe. After India and Pakistan were divided into two different countries, maximum of the production of the jute went under Pakistan.
Jute is a very important crop that is required for a variety of purposes. Currently, there are many states in India that are responsible for a huge production of jute in the country. Given below are a list of the top ten jute producing states in India in 2018.
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10. Other States
There are many states that are leading producers of Jute in the country. In these states, there are around twenty hectares of land that are used for the cultivation of jute. The cultivation in these states are considered to be marginal and they are not static. No particular name of any single state is mentioned because the ratio of production of jute among these states is very small. Jute cultivation is offered by most of the states in India, and all these states rank the tenth when it comes to the top jute producing states in India.
9. Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is known to make a meagre contribution of jute in comparison to the other states in India. Though the cultivation and the production of jute are very less in this state, it is in the ninth rank among all the other states. Uttar Pradesh has around four hectares of land for cultivating jute annually. The annual production of jute in this state is around four bales. This jute is exported to different places all across the globe.
The states of North East India are very good for cultivating jute mostly because of the weather and the climatic conditions that prevail there. These states also have the required resources for the proper growth and cultivation of jute. This is one of the greatest reason as to why jute is being cultivated in Tripura as well. Tripura is known to produce around eleven bales of jute annually. The land that is available for the cultivation of jute is around one hectare. Tripura is the eighth largest producer of jute in the country.
Nagaland also produces a meagre quantity of jute when compared to the leading jute producing states of India. The land that is available for jute cultivation is around 4.6 hectares. The state offers around 40.2 bales each year. Nagaland is the seventh largest producer of Jute in the country.
Meghalaya is extremely famous for the beautiful weather that it has and the rainfall that it receives each year. This climate is perfect for the cultivation of jute on a large scale. The land area that is available to Meghalaya for cultivating cotton is twelve hectares. The annual production of jute in this state every year is around 86.31 bales, which is exported to different parts of the world because of the fine quality of the jute. Meghalaya is the sixth largest producer of jute in this country and accounts for the maximum of the jute production here.
Odisha has been one of the most underdeveloped states of India for a very long time. Odisha has been putting a lot of effort into their farming strategies. Farming is the main occupation of the state. The area that is available to Odisha for the cultivation of cotton is around 22.4 hectares. The annual production of jute every year is 177.7 bales. These bales of jute are also exported all across the globe. Odisha is the fifth largest producer of jute in the country.
4. Andhra Pradesh
Andhra Pradesh is also a leading producer of jute which is located in the southern part of India. Around twenty-five hectares of land is available for the cultivation of jute. The annual production of jute each year in Andhra Pradesh is around two-hundred and twenty-five bales. Andhra Pradesh is the fourth largest producer of jute in the entire country.
Assam is also a leading producer of jute because it has an excellent climatic condition that is perfect for the growth of jute. The leading cities in which jute is grown include Sibsagar, Nowgong, Darrang, Goalpara, and Tezpur. Most of the countries get their jute from Assam. The land area that is available to Assam for cultivating jute is around 70 hectares. Assam produces around 823 bales annually. Assam is the third largest producer of jute in India.
Bihar is amongst the leading producers of jute in this country. The districts in which jute is produced in Bihar include Darbhanga, Saharsa, Kartik Bihar, and Purnea. The total land area that is available for Bihar is around one-hundred and thirty-nine hectares. The annual production of jute here is 1690 bales, which is more than fifty percent of the entire jute produced in the country. Bihar is the second largest producer of jute in India
1. West Bengal
West Bengal is the leading producer of jute in India. The areas that are famous for the jute production are Malda, Bardhaman, Murshidabad, Medinipur, and 24 Parganas. In these regions, jute production is the highest. The land area that is available for the production of jute in West Bengal is 577 hectares. The annual production of jute in this state is 577 hectares. The bales contain around eighteen kilograms of jute each. From West Bengal, jute is exported to the different parts of the world.
Jute is exported from India mostly to Bangladesh and the jute products are manufactured in the mills of Bangladesh only. After the products are manufactured, they are sent to the other countries. India is the biggest producer of jute in the globe.