Germs are responsible for causing diseases and illnesses in both animals and plants. While the effect of some is mild, others are lethal and can easily cause death. Identification and possible alleviation of the germs is the only way to ensure safety. With modern technological developments and extensive research it is easy to identify these germs and solutions to get rid of them are also available. Here is a list of top 10 most deadly germs in the world in 2018.
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Top among the most dangerous germs is E.Coli. Though not famous, it is a common bacterium that affects humans. The bacteria is a common inhabitant of human body in the intestines. It is prevalent in health persons and might prove difficult to detect. When the germ increases its habitation, it can be fatal and mostly affects children, elderly and those weak from suffering other health conditions.
Signs of its effects include bleeding of the intestines resulting to bloody stools. To detect the germ, clinical intervention is required where the patient undergoes a series of tests and upon identification appropriate medication is prescribed.
9. Clostridium Botulinum
Botulinum is a germ that affects the human nervous system. When affected, the victim’s nervous system is strained causing overall weakness to the body system. Patients suffering from the effects of Botulinum get difficulty in swallowing, breathing, speaking and vision.
Causing paralysis to most of the body functions and creating general weakness, the germ results to gradual death of the victim. Early intervention to identify the attack of the germ and treatment comes in handy and offers full recovery to the patient. This however requires specialized clinical tests to ensure reliable treatment is offered to the affected persons.
Salmonella is a deadly bacterium responsible for thousand of death each year. Last year alone, approximately 216,000 deaths were reported resulting from the bacteria’s infection. Enterica and typhi are the common types of attacks from the bacteria. The common attack is the salmonella typhi which is known to cause typhoid fever.
The bacteria is spread through feces and urine from affected persons. Observing simple hygiene measures that include use of clean toilets and latrines can highly curb spread of the disease. Affected individuals need to seek early treatment to curb spread of the virus and at the same time avoid instances of death.
7. Vibrio Cholera
Cholera is a common disease that highly affects people from under-developed countries and low income settlements. Vibrio Cholera is the bacteria responsible for spread of the disease. It is spread through contact with waste from infected individuals alongside using contaminated water. Once infected, the bacteria takes approximately seven days to incubate after which signs of the disease start showing.
Common symptoms for infected persons include chronic diarrhea and dehydration which if untreated can lead to possible death. Protection from possible infection includes observing hygiene measures, treating or boiling water for consumption and seeking early treatment. In affected areas, vaccines should also be made available alongside quarantining the affected persons.
Tetanus is a common bacterium that enters the body through open wounds. It is common in areas with poor hygiene and medical provisions. Victims affected by the condition suffer show symptoms that include spasms, convulsions and lockjaws. Statistics by world health organisation indicate that over 58,000 persons including children die each year from being infected by the condition.
In modern times, management of the condition is possible through vaccination. It is important that those suffering wounds get vaccinated alongside observing hygiene. Awareness campaigns have in the recent times proved effective with a great reduction in prevalence of the condition.
This is a common bacterium that affects patients suffering from cancer and other types of terminal illnesses. It causes blood and pulmonary infections that may eventually lead to death if not properly treated. The bacteria are believed to develop in air conditioning systems installed within premises from where victim inhale the bacteria while breathing.
It comes as one of the most common and easily bred bacteria that pose a great risk to human health. It is this prevalence that makes the bacteria a deadly threat and being listed as one among the most deadly viruses. It is important that those residing or working in premises installed with air conditioning systems to ensure they are regularly cleaned to avoid development of molds through which the bacteria breeds.
This is one among the most deadly germs on planet. Staphylococcus is normally found on human skin in small amounts where the body’s immune system handles it with ease. An increase of the bacteria on the skin can be fatal. However, treatment using various forms of antibiotics is effective to rid of the condition. On the other hand, it is known to have resistance qualities where overuse of antibiotics is in place.
Where resistance is identified, different forms of treatment can be applied. These include the maggot therapy through which maggots are allowed to fed on the bacteria in affected areas. In extreme cases, amputation is used as the solution to curb spreading of the bacteria to other parts of the body.
A common sexually transmitted disease, Syphilis is a bacterium that has for centuries wrecked havoc on humans. In the old times, the condition was difficult to diagnose and treat. This followed the reason that the symptoms of the condition are similar to those of other infections. In modern times, diagnosis and treatment of the condition is possible during the 1st and 2nd stages of the disease.
In the event the condition is not treated in the first two stages, it develops into the third stage which is difficult to treat even with the modern technology. Precaution in prevention of the disease include practising safe sex and undergoing medical checks in the event of a suspected infection.
Streptococcus is also known as killer bacteria. Found in every human being’s respiratory system in small amounts, it is known to be responsible for bacterial meningitis and pneumonia. Normally, the body’s immune system is adequate to regulate and ensure the bacteria does not wreck havoc on humans. However, in the event of a low immune system the bacterium turns into a virulent bacterium with ability to cause death. Timely medical intervention is required to ensure the victim survives.
Leading in the list of top 10 most deadly bacteria is tuberculosis. A deadly bacterium that has for decades ravaged the human race, it is among the deadliest killers ever recorded. The condition is known to affect patients with low immune systems and those suffering from chronic illnesses. Reports from world health organisation indicate there is high prevalence of the condition in people living with HIV virus.
This is a result of the low immune s condition suffered by the victims. Though there are vaccines and treatment options available, cases of drug resistance continue to be recorded by each day. With proper management of the condition among the patients, life is extensively extended.
Diseases are among the biggest threats to human life. Most of these are caused by deadly germs that co-exist with humans in the universe. The disease causing germ are everywhere and hence not easy to avoid them. This makes it important therefore to ensure that precautionary measures be put in place to reduce the risk of infection and reduce the rate at which different germs breed. Despite being deadly, most of the bacteria that cause diseases are important to nature playing important roles. High accumulation of the bacteria is mostly the major threat to health.