Coffee undeniably makes for an uncompromising part of a common man’s daily routine. There are people who literally go mad if they don’t have a cup of coffee in the mornings, and stay the same until they are given one. Though being in such dire need all across the world, it isn’t necessarily produced in all countries it is being consumed in.
Coffee is majorly imported from various countries from those, which grow it as a major crop either all over the year or over only a specific time of the year. Given below are a few countries that grow coffee as a major crop and extensively serve to export it to all other parts of the world.
Table of Page Contents
While many might not even hear about this country, this has been marked as one of the leading producers of coffee for almost 170 years. The geography and conditions of this country serve aptly suitable for coffee production. The cultivation is still growing with expanding lands and fields. Its production lingers around 234,000 tons per year and will promisingly increase in the upcoming years.
Though the production quantity and outcome isn’t consistent, this country too stands among the top coffee producers in the world. Originally, the cultivation began around during late 19th century, with just 1500 tons per year and rapidly progressed to almost 264,000 tons in 2012. The coffee produced in the country is mostly exported, primarily to US, Germany, Belgium, and Colombia, limiting the internal consumption to even less than 10% of the total production.
Ethiopia stands as the top producer of coffee in Africa and accounts for up to 3% of the global coffee market. Coffee is utmostly important to the economy of the country, and seemingly 15 million of the country’s population relies on some form of coffee production for their livelihood. It’s total production accounts for nearly 264,000 tons per year.
Indonesia is currently recorded to be the 4th largest coffee producer in the world. Most of the coffee production is being done by smallholders on their own farms managing in small area lands. Many of these farmers and exporters are internationally licensed to produce organic coffee into the markets. With its annual production being around 559,000 tons, it majorly exports to agriculturally averaged countries like US, Eastern Europe, Japan, and Russia. More than 20 varieties of Arabica is being grown commercially in this country.
This stands as the second largest producer of coffee in the world, with the total production of around 1,300,000 tons per year. This has been a major source of income since early 20th century. Developing from the conventional plantation system of cultivation, it soon became a major economic support force in the country. In Vietnam itself, coffee is only the second most largely produced crop after rice. Numerous coffee companies in Vietnam collaborated with the government and coffee producing and exporting civil societies to provide extension and financial support, which later also helped to increase the net incomes of farmers by a significantly large scale.
This country marked itself as one of the best organic coffee producer in the world market. Though it started unusually slowly around the 19th century, it soon positioned itself among the top coffee producing countries within a few decades itself. In 2011, it became Central America’s top producer of coffee. The most implicating drawback for coffee production in the country is that there was no export of the produced materials. It was solely restricted to domestic uses and internal consumption.
Mexico stood as the 7th largest coffee producer in the world in the year 2012, with 252,000 tons produced in the year. Coffee originally came to Mexico at the end of 18th century from Antilles. Though it’s production was started soon enough, large-scale production and exportation wasn’t achieved until 1870s. During 1980s, it became the most valuable crop, and has stayed so, until now. Currently, Mexico stands as the largest coffee importer in the world.
India, basically is majorly an agricultural country where thousands of species of crops are being grown, imported and exported every year. Coffee is one such major crop produced mainly in the southern regions of the country mainly during the winter season as it provides optimal conditions for its growth. Currently, it produces about 306,000 tons per year and is mostly cultivated by small farmers and landholders. The only drawback for coffee growth in this country is the erraticism of monsoons and weather conditions.
The coffee beans being produced in this country are reputed to have a mild, well balanced quality and texture. It is the largest producer of Arabica bean in the world and is said to have originated around the year 1790. The European Union granted protected designation of origin status in 2007 for Colombian coffee, after which the production upshot, contributing to it’s emerging as one of the top producers in the world.
This is the largest coffee producing country in the world and has been so for the last 150 years. It produces around 2,246,010 tons every year with 76% of it being Arabica and 26% being Robusta. It has the largest acreage of land for coffee production in the world. In 2011, it was the world leader in the production of Green coffee and stayed so unrivaled by any other country. There are approximately 220,000 coffee farms in the country, with about 27,000 sq.km covered extensively by plantations.
Coffee is an inevitable intake for people all over the world, all ages alike. This has been possible only because of the far-reaching export and import businesses of the countries that link the top producers and top consumers easily over a chain. Though this might be applicable for all goods, coffee craves for a unique setting and geography like nothing else. Over 75 countries in the world are cultivating coffee as a crop, but the aforementioned countries alone made it to the top, for a list of reasons that brands coffee for an uncommon and a unique crop, that it is.