Textile and apparel industries are among the most important industries since clothing is a basic need worldwide. Natural fiber makes a collection of elements that are used in making materials used in these industries. These elements include clean wool, cotton lint, silk, jute, coir, and sisal.
Jute is second ranked after cotton basing on usage and cultivation; the growth of this crop is dependent on soil, season, and climate. Besides, statistics show that over 85% of the global production of jute is done in Ganges Delta which is located in Southern Asian. Jute is a fully bio-degradable natural fiber and the cheapest vegetable fiber after cotton to cultivate. Hence. it is well loved by environment because the its products do not pollute the environment and in the recent past most countries have switched to jute products which includes bags, shoes, and mats. Consumers are preferring these products since plastics have become a major contributor to pollution. It is usually referred as ‘the golden fiber’ and its quality differs according to softness, color, strength, length and luster. This has seen the demand and supply of jute increase globally. For this reason, below is a list of the leading jute producing countries in the world in 2018:
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The leading producer of jute in the world is India; it commands a production of around 55 percent. The country has employed modern farming techniques and approaches to increasing production and this has seen it become a dominant player in the market for several years. additionally, India dominates the export market of jute products like carpets and packaging bags. The production is huge in Ganges-Brahmaputra delta in the following Indian states West Bengal, Assam, Bihar and Odisha. These states produce more than 50% of the total production in the country. The annual production of jute in India is estimated to be 1,968,000 metric tons.
Bangladesh is rated second in the production of jute fiber worldwide. The Jat area is popular for its ability to produce the highest quality of jute in the world. The major locations where it is produced are Rangpur, Mymensingh, Paina, Bogra, and Dacca. Although production has been increasing over the years, the country lags behind in embracing modern technological developments in their farming practices. The country exports about 70 percent of their harvested jute and this makes it one of the leading countries of the crop in the world. The annual production of jute in Bangladesh is estimated to be 1,452,044 metric tons which is equivalent to 42% of the global production.
China is third placed in jute production and has been dominating for several years now. The country has a long history of the crop production which dates to 2000 BCE. The crop is a delicacy since the leaves are edible and make ingredients of omelet as well as other traditional Maldivian cuisine. One of the famous cuisine is made using Maldive fish and grated coconut to form a meal called mas huni. Besides, statistics show that modern effective agriculture has made jute farming in China to have the highest per acreage yields in the world. However, emphasis is not done for the crop since there are other necessary crops which the country cultivates in addition to having a huge population that consumes more of the land. The production of jute in China is estimated to be 45,500 metric tons per year.
Uzbekistan holds the 4th position among the leading producers of jute. Agriculture is a major economic activity in the country which is promoted by a long growing season, warm climate, and abundant water for irrigation purposes. Under the Soviet agricultural policy, the country was able to produce and export several agricultural products like cotton and other natural fibers. Most jute farming in Uzbekistan was done by small-scale farmers although there were state farms that contributed significantly to agricultural production. The annual production of the crop in Uzbekistan is approximately 20,000 metric tons.
The country holds the 5th position among the top producers of jute in the global market. Production of jute in Nepal is prominent in Terai belt and most plantations are located in the Eastern region of Koshi, Sagarmatha, and Mechi Zones. The production has increased in the recent past after reopening of Biratnagar Jute Mill which had been closed for about 5 years. Farmers unions and industrialists have been pushing the government to promote jute farming by providing incentives and favorable farming conditions. Some of the major issues affecting jute farming include low prices, unavailability of high-quality seeds, inadequate irrigation water during sowing season, shortage of labor at peak season, and retting water issues. Besides, the country has over 10 industries in the Sunsari-Morang industrial corridor which employ more than 20,000 people. The annual production of jute in the Nepal is estimated to be 18,000 metric tons.
Myanmar is among the global leaders of jute production; it is considered the biggest country in mainland Southeast Asia and some people call it Burma. The country has fertile soils combined with favorable climatic conditions promotes agriculture making it the strongest pillar of the country’s economy by supporting about 60%. The sector provides job opportunities to about two thirds of the country’s labor force. Besides, the country hosts about 13 jute mills and factories which are governed by Myanmar Jute Industries under the guidance of Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation. Increased jute farming increased in 1995 after the government created suitable environment that promoted farming to making the country a leading exporter of several agricultural produce including jute. The country is a leading exporter of carpet backing cloth, jute bags, jute carpet, jute handicrafts, and yearns. The yearly production of jute in Myanmar is estimated to stand at 17,000 metric tons.
Thailand is among the prime producers of jute in the global markets; this is promoted by the country’s climatic conditions and soil quality which supports farming of a wide variety of crops. The Indo-Pakistani War that happened in 1965 caused a significant decline of jute production in the world creating a market gap. This stirred Thailand in investing in production of jute is large scale and farmers replaced cassava with kenaf as its popularly known in the country. Later when Pakistan wars subsided and Bangladesh recovered in jute production as before, the market became flooded and Thailand farmers were greatly affected and most switched back to cassava farming. However, jute farming continued to date and has earned Thailand a top spot among leading exporters of the crop. The annual production of jute in the country is estimated at 12,000 metric tons.
The country is known for its tropical monsoon climate which is favorable to agricultural production of rice, jute, rubber, soybeans, tobacco and citrus fruits among others. Agriculture is a major economic pillar in Vietnam and it contributes over 20% into the country’s GDP. The climatic conditions of Vietnam are favorable for jute farming and the country has incased the cultivation of the crop in most parts of the country. The pollution crisis caused by plastics have contributed to revamped jute farming in the country so that it can reduce its pollution rates and preserve its environment.
Besides, statistics show that the amount of plastics disposed daily in the country is about 2,500 tons and around 70 tons in major cities. In a bid to promote eco-friendly practices, the country has an annual festival dubbed ‘Hanoi – no plastic bag Sunday’ where Department of Natural Resources and Environment has partnered with societies to promote awareness in environment preservation. The country’s greatest producer of jute products is Hanoi Jute Company which produces jute nets, bags, sacks, ropes, and sheets. The annual production of Jute in Vietnam is approximately 12,000 metric tons.
The country is the leading jute producer in the African continent and ranks 9th worldwide among the prime producers. The country is said to have set up processing industries for jute fibers; prioritizing it more than cotton. This is because the crop generates an income of about $906,000 yearly to the country’s GDP. Besides, the country has launched an initiative called ‘The Green Mobilization’ which aims at making their environment eco-friendlier and reducing pollution rates which is a global challenge. The production of jute in Sudan is estimated at 3,350 metric tons every year.
Egypt has a long history in farming especially during the civilization period and the agrarian revolution. The country has diverse farming methods and production of a huge variety of crops which boosts their economic strength. With the help of Nile river, the country has been able to invest heavily in agriculture since irrigation water is not an issue. Although not in large quantities, the country cultivates jute and is among the leading countries of jute exporters globally as well as being the second ranked producer in African continent. In Egypt, Jute is called mulukhiyya and is sometimes used as food after boiling it with olive oil and lemon; in some cooking traditions, it is used to make sauce and soup which is famous for its fiber and iron content. The largest importer of Egyptian jute is United States. The annual production of Jute in Egypt is approximated to be 2,508 metric tons.
These above are the largest Jute producing countries in the world in 2018. Most of these countries are in Asia that’s because the climate is favorable and the environmental conditions necessary for the growth of Jute are optimal. Let’s all use the byproducts of jute since they are environmentally friendly.