Mango is one of the most popular fruits, loved by all. It is juicy, sweet and is called the King of all fruits. Mango has been cultivated for centuries and is renowned for its health benefits also. It is rich in essential nutrients like carbohydrates, sugar, dietary fibers, iron, vitamins A, B-6 and C, and also performs the function of an anti-oxidant in our body.
The fruit is common worldwide and its production is very high. In 2013, the global mango production went up to about 43 million metric tons. The majority of these mangoes were of the Tommy Atkins variety. Here are some of the major countries in the world with highest mango productions in 2019:
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Philippine is another one of the top mango producing countries with a production of 825,676 million tons in a single year, 2011 which is world’s 3.6% of total mango production. But recently Philippine mango production dropped down to only 400,000 million tons yet Philippine accounts for a huge share of dried mango production and is among the top mango producing countries.
Nigeria produces about 3% of the total mangoes in the world, with a production of about 790,200 tons in a year. The most famous varieties of mangoes found in Nigeria are Kerosene and Sherri among others like Cotonou, Opioro, Julie, Benue, Binta Sugar mangoes, etc.
In 2003, Bangladesh produced about 187220 million tons of mango. Bangladesh produces about 1,047,850 tons of mangoes per annum, in recent years. This accounts for about 3.9% of the total mango production in the world. Markets in Bangladesh offers fresh, juicy mangoes almost all around the year but also experiences a slight rise in mango production during the summer season. The main mango-producing regions in Bangladesh are around Rajshahi, Chapainawabganj, Nawabganj, and Dinajpur. Varieties available in Bangladesh are Fazli, Gopalbhog, Lengra among several others.
Brazil has favorable climate and soil for mango growth and production. It produces about 1,188,910 tons of mango every year accounting about 4% of the total mango production in the world. Although Brazil’s mangoes do not have much price, since the majority of them are of the Tommy Atkins variety which is really widespread and do not have a very high value in the international market, Brazil is already improving its mango production and trying to incorporate more exclusive varieties like Atualfo (Champagne), Keitt and Kent.
Indonesia has a total mango production of about 1,313,540 tons every year, accounting for about 4.1% of world’s total mango production. The main province which produces mango in Indonesia’s East Java along with other prospective zones like South Sulawesi, East Kalimantan, West Nusa Tenggara, etc. There are various commercial varieties of mango produced in Indonesia some of which are Arumanis, Manalagi, Golek, and Lalijiwo. Indonesian mangoes are of high demand in the international market and Indonesia is yet to meet that demand. West Java’s mangoes are currently exported to Hong Kong, Kuwait, Malaysia, Russia, Singapore and the UAE.
Mexico produced about 1,911,108 tons of mangoes. Mango cultivars in organic systems of Mexico are Tommy Atkins, Kent, and Ataulfo. Mexico mainly exports mangoes to the USA, along with Canada, Netherlands, France, New Zealand and Spain. It produces higher quality mangoes. It is said that 70% of mango consumed in the USA comes from Mexico.
Pakistan is another one of the top mango producing countries with an average annual production of about 1,784,300 tons accounting for 4.6% of the world’s total mango production, although the production has significantly increased in 2016. Pakistan exports a variety of mangoes to UAE, Europe, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Canada among other countries. Some of the magnificent varieties of mangoes in Pakistan are Alphonso, Sammar Bahisht, Fajri Kalan, Anwar Rataul, Banganpali, Aman Dusehri and Sindhri.
Mango is one of the most important economic fruit crops of Thailand. It occupies the largest production area all over the country. Thailand produces about 2,550,600 tons of mangoes every year recording about 6.5% of the world’s total mango production. In the peak harvesting time, with such huge quantum of fruits, mangoes are processed into juices, purees, and pickles.
China is one of the largest mango producing countries with a production of about 4,351,593 tons of mango, recording 11.2% of the total mango production in the world. Mango is a very popular fruit in China, used in cooking main courses and desserts. In mainland China, Hainan Province is the largest producer of mango among other regions like Guangxi Autonomous, Guangdong Province, Yunnan Province, etc. Mango cultivars of China includes Carabao, Nang Klangwan, Dashehari, Okrong, Irwin, Haden, etc.
India is undoubtedly the largest mango producing country in the world with an annual production of about 16,337,400 tons, accounting for 42.2% of the world’s total production. The main mango producing states in India are Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Bihar, Gujarat, West Bengal, Punjab and Tamil Nadu, among others. There are huge varieties of mangoes available in the Indian local market and also for export, some of which are Alphonso, Badami, Kesar, Chaunsa, Langra, Hemsagar, Dasheri, Neelam, etc. Mango is India’s National fruit. India’s mango exports nearly touched a 50,000 tons marks. The main varieties exported by the Indian market is Alphonso and Kesar along with Baiganpally and others. India exports mangoes to many countries and has recently added to the list Australia and South Korea as well.
This was the list of the top mango producing countries. Mango is a widely loved and cherished fruit. It is mainly consumed raw. The high levels of dietary fibers, pectin and Vitamin C in mangoes are said to reduce overall cholesterol in the body. It also eliminates a pimple and clears clogged pores of the skin. Mango leaves also normalise insulin levels in the body which subsequently controls the sugar level and diabetes. It is used in various international cuisines, main courses, desserts, and appetisers.