Livestock is considered as one of the major components of the agricultural sector in many countries. It fairly contribute to the Agricultural Gross Domestic Product (AGDP) of the country, thus help in the economic growth. Here is the list of the top meat producing countries in the world in 2018 along with the percentage of the total meat they contribute and the total production of meat in 2018.
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Turkey secures the tenth position in the list of the countries that are giants in meat producing and exporting. Turkey produces about 2.76 % of the world’s total meat. According to the current status, Turkey has already produced 1,700,000 metric tons of meat. Livestock is one of the most active sectors in Turkey. Most farmers practice animal husbandry along with their usual farming of vegetables. Thus this contributes to the meat production of the country. Also, the per capita consumption of meat in 2003 was just 9.42 kg per year.
Pakistan is the ninth largest meat producing country in the world and produces about 2.89% of the total meat produced in the world. According to the 2017 estimation, Pakistan has already produced 1,780,000 metric tons of meat this year. In Pakistan, livestock is a subsector of the country and contribute around 11% of the Agricultural Gross Domestic Product (AGDP). This sector employs around 30 million people in Pakistan and is one of the main occupations of the people.
Mexico ranks eight in the terms of their contribution of meat to the total meat production. Mexico produces around 3.10% of the total meat in the world. Mexico has already produced 1,910,00 metric tons of meat. Almost 57% of the land available in Mexico is dedicated as pasture lands for the cattle that are being reared in the country. The country has more than 30 breeds of meat-producing animals and also mainly focuses on raising young animals for meat production.
Australia is the seventh largest meat producing country in the world and produces about 3.35% of the total meat production. The country has already produced 2,065,000 metric tons of meat according to the national estimate. The total value of Australia’s beef and sheep meat industry is estimated to be around 17 billion US dollars. According to a survey conducted by the food authority of Australia, an average Australian consumes around 40.9 kg of meat in a year.
Argentina is the sixth largest meat producing country in the world after India. Argentina produces around 4.48% of the total meat produced around the world and has already produced 2,760,000 metric tons of meat. The country is the world’s second-largest consumer of meat with an average of 55 kg per person. The government of Argentina in March 2006 imposed a 15% tax on the export of beef to keep the domestic price of beef low in the country and to make sure that the people can afford to buy as much as they want. Since then there was a slight decrease in the export of beef, but the high quality of meat served by Argentina helped them to jump back to its old position.
India is the fifth largest meat producing and exporting country and contributes about 6.90% of the total meat in the world. India has so far produced 4,250,000 metric tons. Livestock forms one of the major components of the agricultural sector in India. The country has not shown any further growth in the production and export of the meat, even though India has managed to maintain its position. Also, the recent export and production of beef have declined due to the recent socio-political issues.
China is the fourth largest meat producing country in the world and produces around 11.48% of the total meat. The country has already produced around 7,070,000 metric tons of meat in 2017. China has been stable in its production of meat since 2005. The meat products of the country mainly come from three animals: yellow cattle, buffalo, and yak. There are over 50 different breeds of yellow cattle in the country.
3. European Union
The European Union is the third largest meat producing country and produces around 12.79% of the total meat produced around the world. The European Union has produced 7,875,000 metric tons of meat in 2017. There was steep fall in the production of meat from 2005 to 2014. 1.4% of the total agricultural output of the European Union comes from sheep and goat meat, 9.0% from the pig meat and 5.5% from the poultry meat.
Brazil is ranked second in terms of the quantity of meat they produce. Brazil produces about 15.43% of the total meat of the world. Brazil has so far produced 9,500,000 metric tons of meat in 2017. Livestock is one of the principal bases of the economy of Brazil. The country mainly focuses on the export of beef and mutton and is also one of the largest producers of bovine meat. Brazil has large pasture lands in Sao Paulo, Goiás, and Mato Grosso. The country mainly raises a breed known as Zebu for its meat production. i.e. almost 80% of the meat comes from this Zebu breed and rest 20% is from the taurine breeds. The meat of the taurine breed is usually of great need due to the excellent finishing of fat it possesses.
1. United States
The United States of America tops the list of the largest meat producing country in the world with their whooping production of about 19.63% of the total meat. The country has so far produced 12,086,000 metric tons of meat in 2017 according to a financial report released by the country. The meat sector is the largest component of the agricultural sector of the United States. In 2012, the total meat production in the country was estimated to be around 93 billion pounds. Chicken is mainly produced in Georgia, Arkansas, and Alabama, Turkey is largely produced in Minnesota, North Carolina, and Arkansas while cattle are produced in Nebraska, Kansas, and Texas.
It is well evident that livestock plays a great role in the economy of the country. It contributes the GDP as well as serves as means of occupation to the common people. Many countries have imposed a tax on the export of meat to make sure that the domestic prices do not increase and remain affordable to its residents.