A balanced diet comprises of vitamins, fiber, minerals, fruits, vegetables, carbohydrates, proteins, among categories of food all served on the right proportions. Pulses are edible foods that grow on pods and another environment and they include peas, lentils, and beans.
Pulses are foods that should form part of your diet since they contain essential nutritional value that your body needs such as protein, iron, fibre, carbohydrate among others. Pulses form part of the food requirements with great health benefits when added to the diet. Despite the high demand for the pulse products, the production rates are relatively low owing to the ever-decreasing acreage among other factors. Common pulse produces include the beans, chickpeas, cowpeas, pigeon peas and lupins. Most farmers produce just enough for domestic consumption. To grow adequate amounts of the produce, huge chunks of land a factor achieved by only the largest countries on the globe. New farming techniques are also coming in to curb the deficit by increasing the yields in every acreage.
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Here is a list of the top 10 largest pulses producing countries in the world 2017-2018.
China is among the most populous countries on the globe. The country is the leading pulse producer, consumer and importer of the food product despite having large tracks of arid land, the country has rich and fertile soils in the southern and eastern regions where pulse is produced. It is estimated that the country has a workforce estimated at 315 million working as farmers and this is a big boost to the food production in the country. The country produces different varieties of pulse products to feed its high population and export some.
India has a great population and among the countries with highest growth rates on the globe. Majority of the citizens in the country are peasant farmers who produce among other food products the pulse varieties for domestic purposes. The country enjoys credit for the rich calorie content of its products. In the 21st century the Indian government introduced measures to increase food production and this has seen tremendous increase in its ability to feed the growing population. Among the major steps taken by the government has been to improve the infrastructure and reduce restriction on food producers alongside encouraging farmers to engage in the practice.
3. United States
The United States is credited with having the most efficient food production system. Also among the most populous countries on the globe, only a few of the citizens engage in farming. Large scale farming of pulse and other food products is practiced in states of Texas, Nebraska, California, Lowa and Illinois. Owing to use of mechanized farming practices, the country enjoys being the biggest food exporter on the globe alongside producing enough to feed its population. Statistics from food production departments indicate that the food production in the country increased to more than double in the past half of the century.
Brazil boasts of good climate for farming. It is the fourth largest pulse producer on the globe. The country is known to rely heavily on food production that makes the biggest contribution to its economy. It is estimated that the country’s 31% of land is under farming. The most popular type of pulse in the country is soya beans but other varieties are also produced in huge amounts. Other food products including fruits are also grown in the country ranking it among the largest food exporters on the globe.
Ideal weather condition in Australia has seen high yields of pulses production in recent times. The country has most of its pulses varieties growing in regions of western and south of the country. Queensland and Victoria are also big contributors to the national basket. It is estimated that over 1.93 hectares of land are under cultivation of the pulse products in the country. The country pulse production is consumed locally by its population and the surplus exported. The best production of pulse crops in the country were reported in 2016 with good weather attributed to the huge increase in production.
Despite having a low percentage of farmers, Canada is a big producer of pulse products. A country with a large population working in the formal sector, the pulse produced in the country is barely enough to feed its population. The biggest portion of the country produce is from large scale farmers who employ modern technology in production of different food items. Canada ranks in the sixtieth position among the biggest producers but is also one of the biggest importers of pulse products. Some of the famous products in the country include among others chickpea and beans.
Though located in a continent that faces numerous food challenges, Ethiopia is a large food producer importing most of its surplus commodities to neighboring countries. The country enjoys good climatic conditions that make it possible to produce huge amounts of pulse products in different seasons of the year. The country’s government has also put in measure to encourage farmers venture into farming including sourcing for the best markets for their produce and subsidizing on farm inputs. Ethiopian pulse farmers produce enough to feed the nation’s population alongside leaving a good portion for its exports.
Pulse production in Argentina is widely embraced. The country is better known for production of soybeans where it ranks among the biggest producers on the globe. Other forms of pulse products are also known to fair quite well in the country and forms part of the country’s rich diet. Argentina ranks at the eight position globally and has enough produce for its population as well as a great exporter of the surplus produce. Currently it is estimated that the country produces approximately 39% of the global soybeans. It ranks in the third position in production of this pulse product but is surpassed by other countries in other varieties of the legumes.
Dry beans are among the most common pulse products on the globe. Myanmar is best known for its high production of this important type of food. When bean production is considered along, Myanmar ranks as the biggest producer on the globe. This also makes it the biggest exporter to different countries across the world. Favorable climatic conditions are credited with the high production of pulse products in the country. Statistics indicate that despite having a high consumption record of pulse products, the country makes it to feed its [population and leave adequate surplus for reserves and export.
Mexico is known for its outstanding climatic conditions that favor growth of different food items. Pulse products are among the common food items grown across the country. It is believed the country has potential to produce higher amounts of pulse products but the prevalence of drugs and organized crime has reduced the availability of human labor required to increase its productivity. Despite the low productivity, the country manages to produce enough to feed its population and export to other countries. Its fertile soils and friendly climate makes it ideal for different pulse products to grow effectively.
Pulse products are a good source of proteins. They are most common in areas with vegetarians and also among people who experience side effects from using animal products. This makes it an important part of the diet required in every household. Production of different pulse varieties is also credited with improved soil quality and this makes it even more popular. The list of top 10 largest pulse producing countries includes among other factors large quantities of the product alongside ability to feed its population and export to other needy countries.