Rice is one of the staple foods used by millions across the globe. In almost every community, a plate of rice is one of the most common meals on the table.
Having been in production for decades, the popularity of rice consumption rises by each day. According to international Rice Research Institute, production of this food commodity is practiced in most countries across the globe in varying quantities a factor attributed to the prevailing weather conditions and the farming practices in place. Different factors are also attributed to the major losses of the crop in the process of farming or while harvesting. Here is a list of top 10 largest rice producing countries in the world in 2018.
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Chin leads in the rice production across the world. The country mainly farms its rice under irrigated farms that account for more than 90% of the total country’s produce. With its stand at the top position, china produces approximately 35% of the total rice produced all over the world. Its success in rice production is attributed to use of hybrid rice that produces higher yields when compared to traditional crops. Annual production of rice in china currently stands at 195.714 million metric tonnes. 29.493 million hectares of land are under rice cultivation.
Traditionally, India has been large rice producer when the area of land under cultivation is considered. Rice production in the country accounts for more than 40% of the total food products in the country. With rice being a staple diet in the country, the country is also a major rice consumer but has an advantage in its surplus production. It is estimated that rice farming in the country employs more than 50 million households and is carries a major impact on overall country’s economy. The total rice production in India currently stands at 148.26 million metric tonnes where over 44.1 million hectares of land are under rice cultivation.
Indonesia leads in rice consumption with estimates from International Rice Research Institute indicating that every head consumes over 139 kgs of rice each year. With its growing population, the country is expected to increase its current consumption rates by up to 38% in the next 25 years. With these findings the country requires to increase its yields to more than 6 tonnes to cater for the expected demand. Currently, Indonesia’s annual rice production stands at 64.399 million metric tonnes. 12.884 million hectares of land are under rice cultivations in the country.
Bangladesh is a major rice producer taking the forth position on the globe among the countries with largest rice production capacities. Unlike most other countries, Bangladesh rice farming is practiced by small scale farmers who normally produce just enough for domestic consumption. It is estimated to be among the countries with highest per capita consumption rates. It is further estimated that more than 70% of the country’s population engage in some form of rice farming. Annual production of rice in the country is currently estimated at 47.7 million metric tonnes where an area covering 113 million hectares of land are estimated to be under rice farming.
The economy of Vietnam is largely dependent on rice production. Over 82% of the country’s arable land is under rice farming. Red River and Mekong are the two main deltas that mark the main rice growing areas in the country. Mekong Delta region is the highest producer contributing over 52% of rice yields to the national basket. Red River Delta produces 18% of rice while the rest of the produce comes from the other regions of the country. Vietnam’s rice production capacity stands at 38.725 million metric tonnes annually. The country has dedicated over 7.414 million hectares of land to rice farming hence ensuring its massive production.
Thailand currently tops among the biggest rice exporters in the world. The country is home to the Jasmine Rice a coveted and highly acclaimed brand locally and on international standards. Rice forms the staple food of the country meaning consumption is equally highly but it does not exceed the production. Annual production of rice in Thailand is estimated at 30.467 million metric tonnes. Of this production, the country consumes a total of 10.4 million metric tonnes leaving over 20 million tonnes for the export market. Over 2.48 million hectares of land are under rice farming and this account to over 55% of the total arable land in the country.
Burma is a leading rice producer with dominance in being among the top producers for over a century. In early 1900s, Burma was the leading rice producer on the globe but this was reversed after World War II. More than half of the country’s arable land is under rice farming and this trend continues to ensure there are high yields realized by the farmers in this country. Annual production of rice in Burma currently stands at 32.6 million metric tonnes where a total of 8.1 hectares of land are dedicated to this product.
Japan has a rich culture of rice faring that dates back to around 300 BC when the crop was introduced in the country from China. It stands as one of the most industrialised countries with deep attachment to rice farming where the country’s farmers have resulted to use of mechanised farming methods in keeping track with time. Ranking in the eighth position, the country produces 8.474 million metric tones of rice annual a figure slightly below its consumption needs. 1.624 million hectares of land are under rice farming in Japan. Consumption of rice in Japan currently stands at 8.797 million metric tonnes annually making the country an importer of rice to curb the shortage from its production.
Rice is a staple food in Philippines. It ranks in the ninth position among the largest rice producers across the globe. Current production of rice in the country stands at 16.2 million metric tonnes annually. A total of 4.53 hectares of land in the country are dedicated to rice production. Despite the high production yields of rice in Philippines, the consumption is relatively high and supersedes the production. To cater for its high demand of rice, the country imports over 1.8 million tons of rice every year making it the largest rice importer in the globe as a single country.
Brazil ranks in the tenth position among the biggest rice producers. A country that is gaining popularity for modernized farming, Brazil managed to reach its food self-sufficiency in 2004 and has continued to increase its production to be among the leading exporters today. Brazil produces rice estimated at 12.65 million metric tons of rice annually. This is cultivated on 2.9 million hectares of land. Africa leads in the list of importers from Brazil.
Use of rice as a staple food and the continued growth in global population are among the major factors that ensure the demand for rice ensues for decades to come. This means there are measures required in place to increase its production including increased acreage, use of modern farming methods and improving on the hybrid breed for higher yields. The top 10 largest rice producers in the world are most likely to be among the first to embrace these measures and in such way ensure they maintain the top positions.