Sugarcane is a precious plant cultivated in different parts of the globe. The plant owes its origin in Southeast Asia and is widely used in production of sugar alongside other industrial products. In its natural form, it is credited ass a credible source for glucose that directly absorbs into the human body system alongside other benefits.
Over 120 countries across the globe are known to grow sugarcane according to reports from different quotas. Here is a list of the leading top 10 largest sugarcane producing countries in the world in 2018 according to the latest report produced by United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation.
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Top in the list for biggest sugarcane producers on the globe is Brazil. The country has capacity to produce a massive 739.3 million metric tonnes of the product each year. Local consumption of sugar in Brazil is also high with the growing popularity of using sugarcane produced biofuels in various Brazilian industries. Ethanol fuelled automobiles are also increasing in popularity among the Brazilians raising its demand within the country.
India is the second largest sugarcane producer on the globe. Sugarcane industry is a major contributor to the country’s economy offering employment to an estimated 6 million Indians. Most of its cane produce comes from the areas of Punjab, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra. It is estimated that India currently produces 341.2 million metric tonnes of sugarcane. With its massive production, the country is also among the leading sugar exporters on the globe. This is alongside serving the local markets where sugarcane products are used in production of alcoholic beverages, crystal sugar and jiggery among other products.
Ranking in the third position among the biggest sugarcane growing countries is china. Sugarcane farming in china is believed to have started centuries ago giving it a rich history in production and consumption of sugarcane and its products. A total of 125.5 million metric tonnes of sugarcane are produced in china annually. Despite the high ranking, consumption is high. China is highly industrialised and uses sugarcane in production of fuels thus increasing the demand locally. With a fast growing economy and population, china’s sugarcane production is expected to increase to curb the deficit and as well reduce over-reliance on imports.
Sugarcane production in Thailand has been increasing steadily in the recent past. The growth in sugar industry has been occasioned by a number of factors that include use of modern farming methods and practices and an improvement in cane varieties grown in the region. The industry has also proved to offer better returns to farmers hence an encouragement for more input into the sector. The current annual production of sugar in Thailand stands at 100.1 million metric tonnes. Despite the high production local consumption for sugar in the country is relatively low and this leave a considerable amount of the sugar imports for the export market.
Sugarcane in Pakistan is treated as one among the major cash crops in the country. It contributes a significant portion to the growth and development of the country offering employment to an estimated 9 million citizens. Owing to its notable contribution to the country’s economy, the Pakistan government invests in the industry to enhance an increase in overall production. Government inputs works to improve the farming standards, production capacity and ensure the farmers are adequately compensated. Owing to thee inputs, the country ranks in the fifth position globally among the biggest sugarcane producers. Annual production capacity of Pakistan stands at approximately 63.8 million metric tonnes that target its local market and export to its neighbouring countries and Asian continent.
Mexico is among the emerging sugarcane producers riding high in the industry. Ranking in the sixth position, Mexico grows sugarcane mainly for commercial purposes. Demand for sugarcane bi industries for biofuel production is increasing the demand for the product in the country. Sugar refining and processing of other bi-products from sugarcane is major practice in the country where it ranks as one among the major exporters of sugarcane products. The sugar industry in Mexico enjoys a duty free entry into the United States hence maximising returns for farmers and encouraging the main source in the industry. The current sugarcane production in Mexico stands at 61.2 million metric tonnes.
Sugarcane industry in Columbia is a great contributor to the country’s economy. Columbia’s sugarcane production capacity stands at 34.9 million metric tonnes annually hence ranking as the seventh largest producer of sugarcane in the world. Sugarcane in the country is used to serve the domestic market that includes consumption by its citizens and feeding its industrial needs for ethanol production. Market experts project the local consumption for local sugar in Columbia to raise at a rate of 1% hence the need for increased production. A portion of its product also heads to the international markets with exports headed to United States, Haiti, Chile and Peru.
Indonesia is a country with great potential for sugarcane production that is never utilised. Ranking in the eighth position among the leading sugarcane producers on the globe, Indonesia suffers from a major industrial management in the sugar sector. Sugarcane grown in the country has to be exported for processing owing to lack of effective mills in the country and then the refined sugar is then imported to meet the country’s demands. High demand from the local population and the increasing need for raw sugar in the industrial sector leaves a large deficit between the countries needs and the potential production capacity. Currently, the country has capacity to produce 33.7 million metric tones of sugarcane each year.
Sugarcane farming in Philippines is a major economic contributor. In modern times, the country is embarking of industrial production of renewable energy to curb the high cost of living occasioned by global oil prices. This factor alongside the demand from its citizens increases the consumption rates of sugar in Philippines. Sugar industry sector further contributes to the country’s economy by offering an estimated 0.7 million citizens a means to earn their livelihoods. Sugar production capacity in the country currently stands at 31.9 million metric tonnes annually.
10. United States
United States is credited with being a leading producer in most food products. High population, availability of arable land and use of modern farming practices are some o the contributing factors that place United States in the tenth position among the largest sugarcane producers in the world and in the fifth position globally among the leading consumers. Current sugarcane production in the united state stands at 29.235 million metric tonnes. Texas, Louisiana, and Hawaii are among the leading areas where the countries sugarcane is grown.
Sugarcane is easy to grow, pose no health risk when consumed and continues to gain popularity with use of biofuels. This makes increased production of sugarcane a necessity. It is in this realisation that governments are embracing methods that increase productivity of sugarcane. In this regard, there are high chance sin near future that statistics on production may change with an increase in production. Different measures employed across the globe are also likely to affect the list of top 10 largest sugarcane producing countries as listed above. There maybe new entrants as others are pushed down the rankings.