Tobacco is believed to be the most consumed lethal product in the world; it has ensnared most people across the globe. It is the main ingredient in making pipe tobacco, cigarettes, flavored shisha and cigars. Besides, it worth noting that it is extracted from tobacco plant and contains two highly addictive substances; nicotine and tar. It can be consumed in different forms which includes smoking which is the most popular, chewing, dipping, and sniffing.
Due to the high demand, the plant is grown in large scale in all continents except Antarctica; it grows well in moist and warm environment. Moreover, something worth stating is that annual tobacco production worldwide stands at approximately 7.5 million tons. during the 70s United States was the leading tobacco producer but in the current times it has been overtaken by other producers. Thereby, below are the top 10 largest tobacco producing countries across the world in 2018:
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Tobacco farming is a lucrative business in China since it employs just about 17 million individuals. The country is the leading consumer of tobacco related products in the world. Additionally, the government under China National Tobacco Corporation (CNTC) manufactures tobacco products which accounts for approximately a third of global consumption. Gauging on revenues, CNTC is the largest company in the world that deal with tobacco products. The Chinese government has been promoting tobacco farming with an aim of boosting the economy with increased income. The annual production of tobacco in this country stands at 3,150,197 metric tons which generates revenues of over $142.5 billion.
Over the past few years the demand of tobacco in Brazil has sky rocketed; this has stimulated the production of the plant in large quantity. Most farmers are concentrated in the southern and northeastern parts; high production started in 1990 and increased farming in the country has never declined. Besides, it is believed that the Brazilian tobacco is powerful due to its strong and dark color that has rich flavor; this makes it among the favorite and preferred tobacco species. Thus, it is used in some of the most expensive and luxurious brands such as CAO Brazlia, Davidoff Escurio, and Liga Privada No. 9. The country produces approximately 851,000 metric tons annually; China and Belgium are the lead importers of Brazilian tobacco.
Tobacco was introduced in the 17th century by the Portuguese; ever since the production of the plant has never ceased. The Indian tobacco is famous all over the world and it is famous for its full-bodied flavor and smoothness; it is also believed to be rich in stimulants. Besides, it is worth noting that Indian tobacco has huge demand in Southeast Asia, Eastern and West Europe, and Africa. It was holding the second slot for a long time but it was overtaken to become the third hugest producer of tobacco. The annual production in the country is approximately 830,000 metric tons; it is estimated that tobacco generates $11 billion.
4. United States of America
Tobacco production in U.S has experienced a decline for the last four decades causing it to drop from the leading producer to its current position. The country had proximately 180,000 farms which were purely used for tobacco growing but in the current era only about 10,000 farms are devoted to tobacco farming which is a significant decline. However, the country still is among the top producers and has some of the best flavors and nicotine rich species. The country has several states that produces most of it namely Georgia, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, North Carolina, and Kentucky; its production scale stands at 345,837 metric tons annually.
Tobacco industry in Indonesia is among the leading sectors in the economy. There is high demand of cigars and cigarettes among the male population. Comparing the area under tobacco plantation over the last 5 decades shows that there has been significant decline from approximately 260,738 hectares to 198,212 hectares. Currently most of the production is concentrated in East Java, West Nusa Tenggara, and Central Java. Besides, the freedom of advertisement, sponsorships, and promotion in the country as well as availability makes tobacco consumption to be high; smoking in Indonesia is a social norm to both adults and children especially adolescents. The country has an annual production that is estimated at 260,200 metric tons.
The country has an estimated 831.75 square kilometers of land under tobacco plantations. The country has production plants of two major international players namely Massalin Particulares S.A. which is under Philip Morris International and Nobleza Piccardo which is a branch of British American Tobacco. The major brands sold in Argentina are Lucky Strike, Marlboro, Camel, Viceroy, Derby and Jockey. Besides, the tobacco industry employs over 500,000 workers who handle planting, harvesting, manufacturing and distribution. However, Argentine government has tightened rules on tobacco consumption which has led to decreased demand; most of their products are exported internationally. The country produces approximately 207, 400 metric tons every year.
This country is known for its focus on Research and Development (R&D) in sustainable development of national infrastructure; this is evidenced on imposition of levy to tobacco farmer starting 1930s. The country has become the hugest tobacco producer in African continent; it producers 3 known tobacco species namely burley, oriental tobacco, and Virginia flue-cured. Zimbabwean tobacco is famous for its flavor which is liked by many tobacco users. Starting about a decade ago, top tobacco manufacturing companies like British American Tobacco and China Tobacco developed a strategy of contracting farmers and signed agreements of buying their produce at the end of every season.
These companies provided farmers with farm inputs, chemicals, and seeds; they also incorporating agricultural professionals to help in identifying best farming practices to increase production and quality. They also started training farmers and introducing technology in the production process; this led to more farmers embracing tobacco farming, making the country a leading producer. The country is estimated to produce about 204,900 metric tons annually.
This country is famous for the love it has for tobacco; it was introduced in 1603 into the Ottoman Empire although it was legally accepted in 1806 as a way of expanding tax collection base. The annual production of tobacco in Turkey is estimated to be 193,900 metric tons; this is about 4 % of the global production. Additionally, the country is believed to be the leading manufacturer of aromatic Oriental tobacco. The tobacco industry in Turkey contributes about 1.8 billion dollars in exports; the farmer base in this country is approximately 80,000.
Even if it ranks among the poorest countries in the globe, Malawi is a top player in the tobacco business. The country has been a huge producer since the 70s; the tobacco sector employs over half million individuals in Malawian economy. Production in the country has been highly controlled by the government that supports and promotes agricultural activities; this saw huge increase of tobacco farming among the citizens. This made Malawi to become the world economy that hugely depends on tobacco for income generation. Besides, the decline of burley leaf tobacco in western countries increased the country’s tobacco demand; it has demand from the leading cigar producers like Marlboro and Camel brands. The country is believed to produce 174,928 metric tons which is estimated to generate $278,619,000.
The country has over 6.2 million hectares that produces 102,834 metric tons annually; this is estimated to be 1.45% of global production. This is estimated to generate $163,790,000 in exports into the country’s GDP. The tobacco sector that deals with growing, manufacturing, and distribution employs approximately over 1 million people directly and indirectly. Moreover, tobacco industry is the highest contributor of excise duty that is believed to be 6 times that of cotton industry; over 5% of total taxes collected in Pakistan is from this industry.
These are the world’s top 10 producing tobacco countries producing thousands of metric tons. According to world health organisation (WHO) tobacco products are the number one cause of killer diseases in the world. It might be hard to abstain from its byproducts but let’s consume it on moderate amounts.