The fruit of Solanum lycopersicum plant is one the most consumed edible commodities in the world today and occupies the world’s largest category of vegetables around 17%. This fruit can be classified under the nightshade family together with the eggplant, peppers and the potatoes.
The plant species is native to South America(Mexico) and central America but today people across the world have planted it especially in temperate climates and greenhouses. There has always been a debate whether the tomatoes can be classified as a fruit or a vegetable since they have seeds like fruits but irrespective of the arguments this fruit or vegetable is overwhelmingly used in many cuisines worldwide.
Tomatoes in most cases are normally used as salads and in stews to bring out the flavor in them and in other cases as tomato soup and ketchup. Apart from being consumed for the purpose of adding flavor in the dishes they do also have medicinal benefit such as they are a source of vitamin C, low in dietary nutrients, prevent cancer of the colon, breasts, stomach, pancreases, treat high blood pressure, digestive disorders among other diseases. So which countries produce more tomatoes than any other country in the world? Here are the world’s top 10 Largest tomato Producing Countries In The World.
1. China 56.8 million tons
In 2016 china had around 110,000 hectares of tomato fields making it the leading global nation in the production of tomatoes. This high yield of the produce has been attributed by the fact that china farmers are enthusiastic especially when the tomato market price has risen sharply making the least earning farmer to make around ($21,820). Another factor that has led china to rank at the top is the government’s subsidy policy for greenhouse. China annual export of tomato sauce accounts to 1/3 of the total global export of the tomato and some of the areas where tomato is exported are countries such as Mongolia, Russia, Vietnam, Khazakhstan among other countries in the world.
2. India 18.7 million tons
India has become the second largest leading nation in the production of tomatoes in the world today producing 19 million tons annually. Among the regions with high production yields are Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, and Jharkhand, Chattisgarh, Orissa, West Bengal, among others. Most of the common varieties of tomatoes that are grown in this country are pear, beefsteak, cherry, heirloom and roma.
3. United states 14.5 million tons
The united states have always been one of the leading producers of tomatoes although countries such as India have surpassed it since it used to be on the second position. On annual basis, the country produces 14.5 million tons which accounts to more than $2 billion annual farm cash receipts. The areas where production Is high accounting to 95% of the total produce of united states is California. Other states that tomatoes are grown are Michigan, New Jersey, Ohio, Virginia, Georgia, among other states.
4. Turkey 11.9 million tons
Turkey is a very close competitor to the united states in regard to tomato production and from statistics it might be the third world largest producer very soon. Some of the factors that have contributed to Turkey being the 4th largest producer of tomatoes is the Turkey’s climate which has favored the flourishes of the vegetable. Tomato production in this country accounts to 38 percent of all vegetable production in turkey and has about 25,000 acres in greenhouses.70% of turkey tomatoes are consumed locally while 30% is processed.
5. Egypt 8.3 million tons
Egypt produces almost 9 million tons of tomato every year. The crop which was introduced in the middle east at the end of 18th century it is today by far the largest vegetable crop grown in this country. There are both large scale farmers and small-scale farmers in Egypt. Egypt has around 2.9 million hectares for planting but only 200,000 hectares is being utilized for tomato cultivation. Most of the tomato produced in Egypt its consumed locally and only a small portion is exported to countries like Belgium, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands and Syria.
6. Iran 6.0 million tons
Iran is another country with high tomato production capacity in the world. Tomatoes here usually are grown all year round in open fields from north to south of the country thanks to the ideal climate. In Iran tomatoes are cultivated in many parts but there are three main areas which are south province (33,000 hectares and produce 1.35 m/tons), central province (36,000 hectares and produce 1.25 m/tons), central parts of northern province (100,000 hectares producing 3.9 m/tons. In Iran most of the tomato is consumed locally in three ways fresh tomato, tomato paste in cans and Ketchup.
7. Italy 5.6 million tons
Within AMITOM Italy is the biggest tomato processor and on annual basis the country produces more than 5.6 million tons of tomato. Many parts of Italy can produce tomatoes but there are three main areas which are Puglia, Campania, and Emilia Romagna. Some of the factors that contribute to Italy high tomato production output is the fact that there is ready market in Europe and the climatic conditions favour the plant.
8. Spain 4.9 million tons
Spain produces 35% of Europe tomato production and 5.5% of worlds total production. Tomatoes in this country were first introduced by Spanish colonizers from Mexico in the 18th century. Production of the fruit is all year round but the best months are during summer. Some of the main areas where tomato production is high in Spain is Almeria, valencian community, Navarre, Canary Islands and Andalusis. Someo of the varieties grown here are beefsteak tomatoes, moneymaker, pear-type, long-life tomatoes, and raf tomatoes.
9. Brazil 4.3 million tons
In Brazil tomatoes are a key vegetable in the market and a very important activity in the Brazilian agriculture sector.as of today 65,0000 hectares are under tomato cultivation. The tomatoes produced in this country are processed in various products such as pulp, paste and sauces. Some of the geographic locations where production is concentrated is in the center west, northeast and southeast.
10. Mexico 3.53 million tons
Among the many native Mexican plants that has found its way in many cuisines in the world it’s the tomatoes. Mexico today is among the world’s top 10 largest tomatoes producing countries in the world yielding more than 3.5 million tons annually. Some of the tomatoes produced in Mexico are the green tomatoes and the red tomatoes. The total land that Mexicans have devoted for cultivating tomatoes is around 60,000.
11. Russia federation 2.81 million tons
In the global rating Russia stands at position 11 today as the largest tomato grower and at position 6 globally in relation to the tomato planting areas. Today the country output on tomato stands at 2.8 million tons which is mainly from household plots, greenhouses, and open grounds. Irrespective of Russia being one of the global leaders in tomato production still the amount produced cannot fully satisfy the domestic consumption that leaves a gap of importation of the fruit from countries such as Turkey, china morocco Netherlands and other countries.
12. Uzbekistan 2.28 million tons
Among the countries today have very high consumption of tomatoes related products and also they fall under world leading tomatoes production countries in the republic of Uzbekistan. Since year 2012 the country has been registering a significant growth in yields amounting to more than 2 million pounds continuously. Most of the tomatoes produced in this country are consumed locally and only 1/3 of the total harvest is exported in international markets.
Tomatoes are one of the super-rich foods in the world and has numerous health benefits. For those who are in some shortage of Vitamin A, B6, C and K the fruit has got what you are looking for and in addition they have iron, zinc, folate and some fiber too. These fruits or rather vegetables without a doubt are very essential in our daily diets.