When the word ‘country’ comes to our mind, we often think of a land that is spread wide over hundreds of kilometres and for most countries, that’s fair. But for a few others. Just a few kilometre squares is enough. And in spite of the small area that they cover, they are in fact one of the most beautiful places who have retained their culture and tradition well and are common places for tourism. So here are the top 10 Smallest Countries in the World in 2019 according to the area covered.
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Malta is a small but famous archipelago situated in the Mediterranean Sea and has a small area of 316 square kilometres, still smaller than a few cities around the world. It consists of three islands- Comino, Malta and Goza. This small country, however, is home to over 455 thousand citizens which makes it a very densely populated country. Mdina is the former capital of this country and is completely walled, while its current capital, Valletta is a beautiful, rich historical area.
Maldives, the famous South Asian country that is essentially an island has an area of 300 square kilometres, making it one of the smallest countries in the world. In spite of this, it has one of the highest tourists coming over every single year for its beautiful beaches and scenic beauty. This Island alone has over 1185 coral islands within itself. Maldives is also known to be the lowest countries in the world which makes it susceptible to sinking, one reason due to which the first underwater cabinet meeting was held here.
8. Saint Kitts and Nevis
This dual island nation is located in the Caribbean Sea and only is 269 square kilometres wide. Saint Kitts and Nevis has a large volcanic mountain and is the oldest colonial territory. In fact, the formation itself was due to a volcanic eruption. The country is famous for its Carnivals which are a major attraction and have been going on for over 2 decades now. Tourism and agriculture are the two most important contributions to the country’s GDP, along with the Sugar cane exports that it is commonly known for.
7. Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands has an area of 181 square kilometres and is a small country in the Pacific Ocean. It usually has a very pleasant weather being near the sea as well as the Equator. Marshall Islands has a very diverse marine life, right from fishes to birds to crabs and so on. It is a very low country, only 7 metres above sea level on an average. Along with these, it is famous for its shark sanctuary, which also happens to be the largest one in the world.
Liechtenstein is a landlocked microstate and has an area of 160 square kilometres and is surrounded completely by Austria and Switzerland. This country is famous for the fact that it has one of the lowest crime rate as well as the party to which every single resident is invited in the Garden of Vaduz Castle. The Constitutional Monarch of the country is the Head of State. In spite of its small population, it has successfully established a strong industrial base in the nation.
5. San Marino
San Marino is surrounded completely by Italy and has an area of 61 square kilometres. It is one of the oldest republics and has many mountainous ranges such as the Monte Titano. Its fort, the Guaita and the Three Towers are very famous. San Marino is entirely a hilly terrain and does not have water bodies except two small rivers. Along with this, the country is also famous for the small wine industry that it hosts.
Tuvalu is a country in Oceania and has a population of a little over 11 thousand people. It has three reef islands within itself, so the total land area is only about 26 square kilometres. Tuvalu is the smallest country by GDP as it is scarce when it comes to natural resources. Fishing and agriculture are the main contributors to the country’s economy. It was formerly known as the Lagoon Islands but then was changed to Tuvalu, a word that means ‘Eight Cultures.’
With an area of 21 square kilometres, Nauru is the third smallest country in the world, which is in the east of Australia. It was earlier known as Pleasant Island. Nauru has a large reserve of Phosphate, the most abundant element in this country. This country gained independence in 1968 and is currently the world’s smallest independent republic as well as the world’s smallest Island Country. However, Nauru has the lowest tourism rate in the entire world and is the country which has the highest obesity in the world, too.
This microstate is in Europe and is surrounded by France on most sides with Mediterranean Sea on the other and only has an area of 2.02 square kilometres. It is a common destination for many tourists all over the world, famous for its casinos and other such modes of recreation. In spite of this, Monaco does not have any airports, only helipads. The most famous event held in this country is the Monaco Grand Prix, which occurs annually.
1. Vatican City
The smallest country in the world with only 0.44 square kilometres in area, it is perhaps one of the most influential country in the world when it comes to religion and culture. The Vatican City fits entirely into the city of Rome. It is also home to the world’s largest basilica for Christianity as well as the ancient Castel Sant’ Angelo. This country is in Europe and is also the place where the Pope lives. Moreover, is it also the country with the smallest population in the world.
Some of the countries have areas much smaller than some cities all over the world- they are tiny islands or microstates. These countries may be small but their contribution to the world is almost always very significant, right from politics to a rich heritage to influence in terms of religion to human rights and so on. Moreover, their own governments and cultures make these countries very special and also very intriguing for the ways it is so small but so stable at the same time.